Emperor Hui-tsung (1082-1135), whose family name was Chao and given name was Chi, was the
eleventh son of the Sung Emperor Shen-tsung. Hui-tsung, well known as a literati emperor
devoted to prose and poetry, was skilled in calligraphy and painting. He was talented in
human figure and bird-and-flower paintings, and showed prominence in the vivid depiction
of figures. He fully demonstrated his preeminent talent for the three accomplishments of
poetry, calligraphy and painting in this work, on which he inscribed a pentasyllabic verse
in the shou-chin ("slender gold") style.
(Click image to see enlarged picture)