Chu-jan (tenth century) was a native of Chiang-ning (Nanking), and a Buddhist monk
at K'ai-yuan temple in the kingdom of Southern T'ang. After the kingdom had fallen,
he surrendered to the Sung dynasty accompanying Emperor Li Yu. He studied painting
under Tung Yuan, and created a unique style of landscape painting in which he freely
used the p'i-ma-ts'un ("hemp fiber") texture strokes transmitted from his master.
This unequaled and most energetic work is the precursor of the Northern Sung painters
Fan K'uan and Kuo Hsi, and it also gave considerable influence to the Four Great
Masters of the late Yuan dynasty.
(Click image to see enlarged picture)