Ni Yuan-lu (1592-1644) was a loyalist who died for the Ming Dynasty upon its fall. Both
his calligraphy and painting are praised for their archaic and refined dignity.
He composed this poem insinuating unjust exploitation by a eunuch that he had
witnessed when he had gone to Shantung. Ni leaves ample space between the lines and
writes his calligraphy in powerful and tense brush strokes. The contrast of his use of the wet and dry
brush is superb.
(Click image to see enlarged picture)